"We're going to make America great again." That was the phrase that governed the election campaign of Donald Trump, the Republican candidate who has given a new surprise to win the presidency of the United States, and will occupy the White House next January 20 as the nation's 45th president.
A year and a half of walking through the intricate picture of the American political machinery and government as an outsider or "upstart" and from the position of critic of "corruption" in these instances of the system, the millionaire won over a dozen rivals in the republican primaries and after strong clashes with the powerful Democratic Party that faced him like a monolithic entity and with the evident support of the mass media.
The Republican won 288 electoral votes in front of the 218 of Hillary Clinton, while the other two contestants, Gary Johnson of the Libertarian Party and Dr. Jill Stein of the Green Party, although they won individual votes, did not achieve any of those in this indirect and complex election that this year saw the greatest confrontation among US citizens, who could have gone to 241 million to vote, but did not do so.
Early votes reached a record high of more than 42 million, and they were said to favour Clinton greatly, many were placed by minorities who were targeted by Trump's anti-immigrant criteria.
However, the real estate mogul not only won the necessary electoral votes, he also obtained the majority of the popular votes, when he increased the attendance in the polls of the 50 states of the Union, where for long hours formed long lines - as polling stations opened in accordance with the six time zones that cover US territory from the Atlantic East Coast to Hawaii in the Pacific.
Donald Trump, who had lost his account on Twitter, recovered that window to social networks in time and issued at six in New York - where he voted in a public school on the East Side of Manhattan - a message of confidence in the triumph in which he repeated what was his favorite motto of the campaign: "Today is the day when we make America great again."
Finally, the exhausting and fierce day was favorable, although the Republican contender had from the beginning three obstacles in the way of a year and a half: the powerful and united Democratic machinery as expected, the media much more powerful and which gave him no respite, and the Republican Party itself, which he successfully represented against the will of some of its highest authorities and more influential people, to the point that he was accused of having imploded it.
Is everything OK?
Donald Trump did not drop his guns, right up to the last moment, and he put a grain of doubt on what could happen: "We'll see how things work out today. Let's hope everything goes well and we will not have to worry about that and win," he said in a telephone interview with Fox News. "I want to see that everything is honest," he added.
A software crash that indicated that dozens of Americans who had gone to vote had already cast their votes, causing delays in one of the counties in North Carolina with a greater Democrat presence. The Board of Elections attorney said Durham county officials quickly came to the conclusion that there was a problem with the electronic records and began using paper documentation to confirm voter registration. Attempts to vote more than once are rare, AP said. The records of the primary elections earlier this year had apparently not been erased from the machines.
Concerns about voter intimidation and fraud, AP acknowledged, caused a series of lawsuits in the days leading up to the election. New regulations for voters in more than a dozen states have the potential to create confusion in polling stations.
But at least at the beginning of the day, most voting centre issues seemed to be routine, of the kind that pop up every four years, including long lines, machines that do not work properly, and problems with ballots or records of voters.
The situation could also be characterized by this opinion given by a voter to AP: "You go to other countries and they understand politics. We hear phrases prepared by television but we do not really understand what is happening.
Hillary looked a winner
Meanwhile, mid-afternoon, Democratic President Barack Obama appeared at six radio stations - focusing on Orlando, Detroit and Philadelphia, major cities in three of the tightly contested states - to urge Americans to come out and vote for Hillary Clinton.
Obama said that continuing his work over the past eight years depended on having a "consistent, intelligent and serious" president who took his place in the federal government and reiterated that Trump was not fit to be the president. President-elect Donald Trump now has four years ahead to demonstrate what he can and is capable of doing.
Hillary Clinton, who also voted early in New York, arrived with apparent solidity at this end, although the resurgence of the subject of the emails as Secretary of State sent and saved from her computer and personal account made her fall back in the popular vote that took away her advantage and the mistrust that had surfaced since the beginning of the electoral campaign finally prevailed.
Recall that it was tortuous her way to obtain the nomination and only the sustained support of the party machinery allowed her to surpass the Vermont senator, Bernie Sanders, who brought a fresh air and a special transparency to the campaign.
Progressive and liberal sectors of American society still ask the senator for Vermont to come to the fore to defend the interests of the people.
"I will do my best if I have the fortune to win. There are a lot of people who show how important it is to vote today for the future of the country," Hillary Clinton said in remarks after casting her vote in Chappagua, in northern New York, a city that was virtually armoured Tuesday and full of police, and also celebrated when their votes went to the Democrat, but they were not enough.
Moreover, citizens were generally dissatisfied because they were subjected to months of personal attacks between the contestants, not reflected on their daily problems, those of their nation, much less the measures to solve them.
From the beginning of the long day of the polls, although some analysts spoke of 10-12 hinge states with their corresponding question mark to where they would lean, it was seen that the fight was centred on six of them: Florida, Pennsylvania, Ohio, North Carolina, Michigan and New Hampshire, where there was hardly a point of difference between rivals. Of them, Trump won the majority until finally obtaining the 279 electoral votes for his victory.
A very expensive process
In fact, in order to tap into the battle, it took much more than political or ideological positions, it took a lot, a lot of money to get ahead in the costly process, which raised the numbers with the sum of what the hundreds of politicians who aspired to a position in the system: from the senators and representatives in the nation's Congress to the councillors and mayors of small towns lost in the vast American geography.
According to The Washington Post, closing on October 19, the Clinton campaign had received $ 1.3 billion and Trump $ 795 million.
As Time's Money section said, "voting can be free, but candidates pay a lot to get your vote," and the 2016 election has been the most expensive in history, according to an estimate of the Centre for Responsive Politics, the money spent could reach at least $ 6.6 billion.
To that figure there is much to add, for example the candidates who lost the primaries spent 300 million dollars ...
Please! Ban Ki-moon is asking for just 120 million dollars to alleviate the suffering of the Haitian people after the passage of Hurricane Matthew.
The Republican won 288 electoral votes versus 218 for Hillary Clinton.
Translated by ESTI