Bolívar expressed clearly his dream about the United America on the Jamaica Letter. And the colloquium on this topic has been kicked off in Havana after the 200th year of that transcendental document
During the opening ceremony of the colloquium, organized by the Association of Latin-American and Caribbean Historians (Adhilac), the participants, led by the Historian of Havana City Eusebio Leal Spengler, placed a floral offering before the monument of Simón Bolívar on the park named after him in Old Havana municipality. Photo: Abel Rojas BarallobreZoom
The integration in Latin-America and the Caribbean: Historical Alternatives and Present Implication after the 200th year of the Jamaica Letter by Simón Bolívar will be the main topic on the debates that have been carrying out in Havana since last Monday by nearly 130 historians from more than 15 countries of Latin-America, Spain and the United States.
During the opening ceremony of the colloquium, organized by the Association of Latin-American and Caribbean Historians (Adhilac), the participants, led by the Historian of Havana City Eusebio Leal Spengler, placed a floral offering before the monument of Simón Bolívar on the park named after him in Old Havana municipality.
Leal praised the figure of Bolívar, who loved his Motherland and the idea of the United America more than himself.
The director of the Spanish-American Institute in the Venezuelan Central University Lionel Muñiz, said that the Liberator wrote the Jamaica Letter on September 6, 1815 in Kingston; and it has been the most quoted document among those written by Bolivar.
In the letter, Bolivar expressed with clarity his dream about the United America, and he announced the triumph of the fight and ideas that go together with this project, like the American independence; the humankind rights; democratic government; federalism; balance between powers; laws in favor of the freedom; congresses and constitutions. Thus, the Liberator introduced a great continental project in favor of the unity of the States that will emerge from the fight of emancipation.
Muñiz also said that the nobility of this document is an example and inspiration for the continent that at present is taking the way of the full integration, as it was longed by Simón Bolívar and the heroes who preceded him.
Thus, professors and History students will have the concept of Latin-American Identity, Integration and Unity among the people, as the main topic on the debates that have been carried out during three days. Working sessions are carried out at the Simón Bolívar, Benito Juárez, Guayasamín and the Arab Centers, all of them are located in the historical center in the capital.
A new Book on the Latin-American Unity
The book Los desafíos de la integración en América Latina y el Caribe (Challenges of the Latin-American and Caribbean Integration) by Abel Enrique González Santamaría, published by Ocean Sur, was launched last Monday at the Casa de las Américas by Alberto Prieto Rozos, Ph.D, who highlighted the attempts of unity in the region, and the different way that the imperialism has been used to thwart it, which are the theoretical support in the book.
The book is a recount of the Latin-American and Caribbean fights. And according to its author, this is the historical moment for the analysis the Latin-American situation and its evolution, because, some events that were considered as impossible have been taking place thanks to the resistance of the people.
González Santamaría incited the youth to be near the direct sources of the History and understand Unity and Independence as the way for building the common destiny for the region, with Socialism as the most just alternative.
The activity was attended by the Advisor for the President of the Councils of State and Ministers Abel Prieto, the Minister of Culture Julián González and the intellectual and Director of the Casa de Las Américas Roberto Fernández Retamar, among other representatives of the State and academies.
Translated by ESTI