Under the Sun

By: Iris Oropesa Mecías

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2017-08-26 | 15:48:39 EST

We all know that the beach, Game of Thrones and the IAAF World Championship have not been the only happy moments in this Summer. Science took a pace forward to confirm that the planet is still able to amaze. So, let’s review some findings.

 

Crispr cas and Zika Virus

One of the good news in the health field this summer is the application of gene editing in a fetus to correct a congenital defect, defining the CrispCas 9 technique as life-changing. It was a dream come true, hopes of great changes for the mankind, as announced by the Nature magazine.

Crisp cas researchers detailed how gene editing served to treat the hypertrophic cardiomiopathy, an hereditary heart condition which can cause sudden death to seemingly healthy people. The embryos, conceived for in vitro fertilization, were corrected; however, none of them were implanted into a womb since the treatment has not yet been declared legal.

On the other hand, the culex mosquito and the Aedes Aegypti are Zika virus carriers, as confirmed by scientific magazine Emerging Microbes & Infections. Although these are two of the world’s most widespread species, the discovery allows to improve results.

 

New hominid and new Pompeii

A skull found by a team of researches in Kenya dating back to 13 million years ago seems to reveal more about the past of the specie, according to Nature. The academicians received the finding with enthusiasm, due to the amazing state of preservation.

Although the origin of this species is estimated at 6 or 7 million years, the antropologists have not seen many fossils of times before this date to clarify the evolution due to the poor state of preservation. Hence this lemon-sized skull of Alesi, with which the species Nynzaphitecus alesi is identified, has special importance.

Archaeologists, for their part, also had a busy summer, at least in France, where they discovered what they call a little Pompeii in the Roman city of Vienne, south of Lyon.

The excavation discovered remains of mansions and public buildings of the first century covering an area of 7 000 square meters, which makes it a very remarkable finding for culture in general.

The neighborhood discovered was inhabited for about 300 years before being abandoned 2,000 years ago due to a succession of fires.

 

The largest dinosaur is as large as a Boeing 737.

The largest dinosaur

A gigantic dinosaur, 37.2 meters long and weighing 77 tons, was the largest of its kind between 95 and 100 million years ago and lived in today’s Argentina. This giant, comparable to a Boeing 737 because of its enormous size, moved in the area of Patagonia, hence is now named Patagotitan mayorus by the paleontologists responsible for rediscovering them, as detailed by Phys.org magazine.

The Argentine researcher of the museum, Diego Pol, told the Procedings magazine of the royal society that these titans, far from being terrible, were true herbivores, very great and slow. Thus the fossils found in 2012 in the Argentine province of Chubut are recognized as the largest species of saurians on the planet. Pride for America.

Scientists have confirmed a theory of quantum reality 80 years later.

Matter and Antimatter

Scientists have confirmed a theory of quantum reality 80 years later.As various media reported, they have found this summer the first particle that is, in turn, matter and antimatter, a prediction that had been made throughout the twentieth century.

A new experiment by researchers at Stanford University revealed the existence of the mysterious fermion of Majorana. In theory, the encounter between a particle of matter and its very version of antimatter would produce the destruction of both, with a huge explosion of energy. For this reason, the prediction made by the scientist Ettore Majorana, the existence of the fermions, a kind of particles which in turn was to be its own antiparticle, was made revolutionary in 1937, according to the portal ABC; That is, matter and antimatter.

Majorana was right. The team, led by the theoretical physicist Shoucheng Zhang, has finally found evidence of Majorana's first fermion. A discovery that ends with one of the most intensive searches in fundamental physics, almost a century long, and promises to locate the exact space where this unique fermion exists.

Finally, among other events, it was a scientific party, with live broadcasts from NASA and hundreds of media reports, the total solar eclipse observed in the United States this August 21. Although only partially observed in Cuba, it is considered that this phenomenon was "the eclipse of the century".

Although NASA made this a mass phenomenon and sought to boost the taste for space sciences, there were skeptics of its uniqueness. "This eclipse is no more special than the one that happened in Indonesia last year," ABC Miquel Serra-Ricart, a researcher at the Institute of Astrophysics of the Canary Islands (IAC), told ABC News. "But NASA has been able to transform it into the greatest eclipse ever and one of the news of the year, "he added.

Peculiar and unique or not, the truth is that this summer brought great advances for science, and while the pool, the beach and the series were "stealing" time, Earth continued to live the spectacular moments of discovery, discovery and wonder that move the wheel of knowledge. And in what way!

Translated by ESTI

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