July 29, 2016
Fidel Castro has been the most persecuted political leader of contemporary history and probably of universal history. Some dozens of plots to kill him have been planned, something which is recorded on official documents declassified by the US Government. However, in a bid to play down the seriousness of these actions, politicians of that country have said that the assassination attempts were just a few, as if one of them were not enough to make it something despicable.
Apart from being responsible of these plots, the American CIA hired the Mob for the same ends, something unprecedented in history.
Intense psychological warfare was used for the realization of the crime, which caused that hundreds of counterrevolutionaries of Cuban origin, in some cases with the means supplied by the CIA and in some others under the influence of the campaign unleashed, were determined to murder the Cuban leader.
An example of this was the “spoil operation” carried out by the United States through the official radio station La voz de las Américas, where in a broadcast to Cuba, set rewards for the heads of the Cuban leaders, especially Fidel.
The Cuban security corps have been credited sometimes with the success against the enemies’ activity; however the popular involvement in their dismantling was vital, without taking the credit away from the security service, which was supported by Fidel’s intuition for discovering ambush, as it happened sometimes.
The research carried out has shown that 634 plots were discovered by the Cuban security service between 1958 and 2000 in different stages of planning; not to mention those which were discovered and aborted due to reasons beyond the perpetrators’ intentions.
Out of that number, 167 were homicide projects which were in progress when they were dismantled and had the means, the chance and the perpetrators’ resolve and failed because of the action of the security service or the cowardice of the authors who got busted eventually.
Going deeper into the study, today we can analyze them from a different angle and link them to the political and revolutionary career of Fidel and the possibilities of the enemy to commit the crime. For this, we have taken July 26 as starting point.
The period begins with the Moncada barracks attack, the exile in Mexico and later the fight in Sierra Maestra and the overthrow of Batista’s dictatorship, it collects the bids to poison him while he was in jail; then the manhunt initiated after his release in 1955. Followed by the exile in Mexico, where CIA agents like John Maples Spiritto watched his moves, and finally the failed attempts in the Sierra Maestra, where Eutimio Guerra and then in late 1958 the American Alan Robert Nye following instructions from the FBI and Batista’s policemen will attempt his assassination to thwart the ongoing revolution.
A second period begins with the triumph of the Revolution and spans to April 1961and matches the process of implementation of the Moncada program.
This period is characterized by two important plots against the revolution: Huber Matos’ conspiracy and another by Trujillo, both with the same goals and American support, but with different inspirations. The first made up by Batista’s regime exiles under Dominican dictatorship Rafael Leónidas Trujillo’s command, with the aim of reinstating the previous regime, while the other organized by dissidents of the Revolution, who still holding the ranks and insignias granted were trying to put pressure on Fidel to get rid of left-wingers in the rebel army. An interesting conclusion of this stage is on the State Department’s records.
In 1961, after Bay of Pigs victory and the Socialism proclaimed the CIA would increase resources and means for this mission, creating the ZR/Rifle department in January, with the sole purpose of killing Fidel, with which a new stage begins.
Among the main operations were those planned in July 1961 to murder Fidel and Raúl in Havana and Santiago respectively, in the framework of a self-taunt operation at Guantanamo naval base, then the renowned plot of the northern terrace of the presidential palace, where a bazooka would be fired at the Cuban leader, later in 1963, the bid to poison him at Habana Libre Hotel and finally that organized by the CIA by means of former Commander Rolando Cubela
Secades, who would murder Fidel with a powerful poison and spark a military coup in the country.
In 1966 the counterrevolution was finally defeated with the disappearance of their support; however the plots, the conspiracy and the plans of assassination increased. Thousands of hours devoted to radio broadcast, written propaganda, rumors and all media were used to encourage Fidel Castro’s physical elimination. Only popular surveillance, solidarity, the Revolutionary leader’s instinct, in addition to the modern and reliable protection of the Revolutionary Armed Force and the Ministry of Interior, interfere with such plans.
The fourth stage, which begun in early 1970s until end of the century, saw the Cuban security ready to breach the CIA’s terrorist centers and be able to neutralize some plots for assassination. Chief among them Fidel’s visit to Chile in 1971. Later in 1976 when the CIA supposed that the Cuban leader would attend Angola’s proclamation of independence in that country and the plane he would board was threatened with explosion, this was denounced in the public act to the victims of the Cuban plane which was blown out in the air after its takeoff from Barbados.
Thereafter, the CIA and its allies began an international manhunt to perpetrate the crime. Probably the most outstanding of this stage was on November 2000, during the 10th Iberian American Summit of Heads of State and Government held in Panama, with a bomb planned to blow the auditorium of the University where the Cuban leader would deliver a speech.
In short, during 40 years more than 600 plots to kill Fidel Castro were planned, out of them more than one hundred were dismantled in spite of the means, the resources and the time for perpetrating them. Other figures indicate, that in 40 years, the Cuban leader was targeted for homicide every 82 days.
Today, while nearing his 90th birthday of struggle and victories, these lines serve as a tribute to Fidel, undefeated gladiator of the American and the World’s contemporary history.
Taken from La pupila insomne
Translated by ESTI