Information on the strategic importance that the recovery of the industrial lineup has in Cuba and the fruitful plans for its development that are undertaken and shaped, was reported in detail yesterday to deputies to the National Assembly of the People's Power.
The President of the Cuban Parliament and Politburo member Esteban Lazo recalled during the report by the Minister of Industries Salvador Pardo Cruz, that this sector has been one of the most affected by the special period.
The report of the Ministry of Industries (Mindus) to the National Assembly, was focused on the main results reached with the implementation of the Guidelines, and on the main business and investment that are planning, among other topics.
The Cuban legislators highlighted and approved the country's plans that will allow the industry to consolidate its recovery and further development. They also inquired about several topics, including the condition, quality and perspectives of the production that are directly linked to the consumption of the population.
The Minister of Industries Salvador Pardo Cruz recalled that this portfolio was created in September 2012, with the mission to propose, and after being approved, for directing and controlling the implementation of policies and strategies for industrial development in the iron and steel activities, chemistry, recycling, textile, tannery, and clothing and accessories.
In addition, this portfolio is leading the polygraph activity, packaging, furnishing, ceramics, utilitarian, ornamental, electronics and other to be determined.
The Minister noted that the business system served by this organ, brings together four senior organizations of business management (OSDE,) 115 state companies, 740 basic business units (BSU,) three budgeted units and 21 joint ventures and international economic associations. In total, the sector employs 80,351 workers, and the 38 percent of them are women.
In 2015 the enterprise system served by the Mindus executed net sales of 4,928,350,000 pesos and the profits reached 147 million pesos over the plan. Productivity was over fulfilled at 141 percent and the average salary to the 140 percent.
However, last year exports reached only the 51 percent of the plan. A total of 123 273 300 dollars weren’t exported, mainly because of damages in the export of steel billets by breaks in the mills, and the low prices in the international market of the steel products, which affected sales billets and scrap.
During the first quarter of this year, the plan of net sales was over fulfilled at 114 percent and profit plan at 159 percent. However, the plan also fails in exports: only has reached 75 percent, again because of malfunctions in the two mills, affecting the export of billets and steel bars.
The Minister of Mindus also highlighted that the ministry is involved in the implementation and development of an important group of the Guidelines. Regarding this, he explained in detail on three approved policies: the policy aimed at promotion and development of the recycling industry; the policy aimed at planning and efficient use of machine tools and equipment, and the policy for the development of packaging industry.
Among other results of the policy to increase the recycling of raw materials, he explained the progress in identifying potential foreign partners for the management of solid urban waste, with the prospect of starting their management from 2017 in stages, first by the capital to gradually extend it to the entire country.
Regarding the policy for the development of industries producing packaging, he explained that it was adopted in 2012, and it has benefited the development of the industry producing these materials.
In 2015, he reported, the production of packaging reached 383.2 million pesos, having a growth of 4.3 percent over the plan. However, in that year, the ministry had to import 310.5 million pesos in containers, and glass, aluminum cans and flexible were the most significant.
The policy for restructuring and the efficient use of machine tools and equipment in the national economy has allowed to create three specialized companies; to establish a strategic alliance together with a Chinese company to enhance services modernization of machines tools, to have stable supplies of spare parts and training of human resources; and the implementation of the flea market for machine tools in Villa Clara.
In addition, the programs for the development and production of spare parts in different sectors have been consolidating, and also for equipment, for example, the production in cooperation with China of the new CCA 5000 sugarcane combined, which from this year forward, will be manufacturing in Cuba.
The meeting was attended by Politburo members, the First Vice President of the Councils of State and Ministers Diaz-Canel Miguel, and the Commander of the Revolution Ramiro Valdés Menéndez, also Vice President of the Councils of State and Ministers.